Club Foot
Also known as Talipes: a birth deformity of the foot, sometimes resulting from crowding in the uterus.  In a clubfoot the bones in the front part of the foot are misaligned.  In 95 percent of clubfoot deformities the front half of the foot turns in and down (equinovarus).  In the rest of the defects the front part of the foot turns out and up (calcaneovalgus or calcaneovarus).

Treatment of club foot deformities must be started as soon as possible.  During the first three weeks of life, the ligamentous tissues are still somewhat lax and may respond to manipulations and casting.  Casting is normally continued for months later.  If correction has been achieved it must be maintained during weight bearing years.  A custom orthotic is then indicated to maintain proper posture and development